makeAddPgTableConditionPlugin (graphile-utils v4.4.5+)

WARNING: this plugin generator doesn't currently have any tests, so it's status is experimental. If you can spare the time to write some tests (or sponsor me to do so) then we can promote it to stable.

PostGraphile adds condition arguments to various of the table collection fields it builds so that you can filter the result set down to just the records you're interested in. By default we add the table's columns (or, if --no-ignore-indexes is enabled, only the columns that are indexed) to the condition input, where you can specify their value, or null if you only want the records where that column IS NULL.

Many GraphQL experts would opine that GraphQL filters should not be overly complicated, and should not reveal too much of the underlying data store. This is why we don't have advanced filtering built in by default; however, should you desire that, please check out the filter plugin documented on our Filtering page.

Here's an example of filtering forums to those created by a particular user:

query ForumsCreatedByUser1 {
  allForums(condition: { creator_id: 1 }) {
    nodes {

Sometimes, however, you want to filter by something a little more complex than the fields on that table; maybe you want to filter by a field on a related table, or by a computation, or something else.

This plugin generator helps you build new condition values so that you can filter more flexibly. Let's make this clearer with an example:


To filter a list of forums (stored in the table app_public.forums) to just those where a particular user has posted in (posts are stored in app_public.posts) you might create a plugin like this:

/* TODO: test this plugin works! */
module.exports = makeAddPgTableConditionPlugin(
  build => ({
      "Filters the list of forums to only those which " +
      "contain posts written by the specified user.",
    type: build.graphql.GraphQLInt,
  (value, helpers, build) => {
    const { sql, sqlTableAlias } = helpers;
    const sqlIdentifier = sql.identifier(Symbol("postsByUser"));
    return sql.fragment`exists(
      select 1
      from app_public.posts as ${sqlIdentifier}
      where ${sqlIdentifier}.forum_id = ${sqlTableAlias}.id
      and ${sqlIdentifier}.user_id = ${sql.value(value)}

The above plugin adds the containsPostsByUserId condition to collection fields for the app_public.forums table. You might use it like this:

query ForumsContainingPostsByUser1 {
  allForums(condition: { containsPostsByUserId: 1 }) {
    nodes {

NOTE: sqlTableAlias represents the app_public.forums table in the example above (i.e. the schemaName.tableName table); if you don't use it in your implementation then there's a good chance your plugin is incorrect.

NOTE: for more complex values, you may need to invoke build.gql2pg(value, databaseType) instead of sql.value(value) in order to convert the GraphQL value to the equivalent SQL value. If you should need this, reach out on our Discord chat for advice.

Example with ordering

It's also possible for condition plugins to change the order of results by using QueryBuilder's orderBy method. The following example both limits the list of quizzes returned to only those with a certain number of entries, and orders the results such that the quizzes with the most entries are listed first.

This example if quite contrived, but this functionality can be useful for a number of purposes: filtering and ordering by full text search results, filtering and ordering by proximity, etc.

Note: prior to graphile-utils v4.9.1 (unreleased at time of writing), a plugin like this should be loaded via --prepend-plugins (or prependPlugins in the library mode) because otherwise the default ordering plugin dominates the order.

const { makeAddPgTableConditionPlugin } = require("graphile-utils");

module.exports = makeAddPgTableConditionPlugin(
  build => ({
    type: build.graphql.GraphQLInt,
  (value, { queryBuilder, sql, sqlTableAlias }) => {
    if (value == null) {

    // Order the result set by the number of entries the quiz has
      sql.fragment`(select count(*) from app_public.quiz_entry where quiz_entry.quiz_id = ${sqlTableAlias}.id)`,

    // Filter to only quizzes that have at least `value` entries.
    return sql.fragment`(select count(*) from app_public.quiz_entry where quiz_entry.quiz_id = ${sqlTableAlias}.id) >= ${sql.value(

Function signature


The signature of the makeAddPgTableConditionPlugin function is:

export default function makeAddPgTableConditionPlugin(
  schemaName: string,
  tableName: string,
  conditionFieldName: string,
  conditionFieldSpecGenerator: (build: Build) => GraphQLInputFieldConfig,
  conditionGenerator: (
    value: unknown,
    helpers: {
      queryBuilder: QueryBuilder;
      sql: typeof pgsql2 /* the 'pg-sql2' module */;
      sqlTableAlias: SQL;
    build: Build
  ) => SQL | null | void
): Plugin;

The table to match is the table named tableName in the schema named schemaName.

A new condition is added, named conditionFieldName, whose GraphQL representation is specified by the result of conditionFieldSpecGenerator.

When the field named in conditionFieldName is used in a query, the conditionGenerator is called with the value passed, and the result of that function is used as an additional WHERE clause on the generated SQL (combined using AND). If null or undefined are returned then no condition is added.